INFORMATION ON COOKIES: WHAT THEY ARE AND WHAT THE LAW REQUIRES
The legislative framework on cookies was introduced by the Guarantor for the Protection of Personal Data through the provision of 8 May 2014. On 2 June 2015 was the deadline by which the owners of websites had to implement the requirements of the guarantor concerning cookies. Following numerous requests for clarification concerning certain points of the provision on cookies of 8 May 2014 – received in particular from small managers – the Guarantor published on 5 June 2015 the document of clarifications regarding the implementation of the legislation in subject of cookies.
Let’s now look at
What are cookies?
Cookies are small text files that the sites visited by users send to their terminals, where they are stored before being re-transmitted to the same sites on the next visit. Cookies of the c.d. “Third parties” are, however, set by a website other than the one the user is visiting. This is because on each site there may be elements (images, maps, sounds, specific links to web pages of other domains, etc.) that reside on servers other than the site visited.
What are cookies for?
Cookies are used for different purposes: execution of computer authentication, monitoring of sessions, storage of information on specific configurations regarding users accessing the server, storing preferences, etc.
Are there different types of cookies?
Yes, we have “technical” cookies and “profiling” cookies. Those technicians are used to make the navigation or to provide a service requested by the user. They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed directly by the website owner. Without the use of these cookies, some operations could not be carried out or would be more complex and / or less secure, such as the home banking activities (display of the statement, bank transfers, bill payment, etc.), for which cookies, which allow you to maintain and maintain the user’s identification during the session, are essential. The “profiling” cookies, on the other hand, are used to track the user’s browsing on the web and create profiles on his tastes, habits, choices, etc. With these cookies, advertising messages can be transmitted to the user’s terminal in line with the preferences already expressed by the same user in the online navigation.
What is a site owner supposed to do? strong>
The owner of a site, based on the type of cookie, must request consent for use by the user; for the installation of technical cookies, users’ consent is not required, while it is necessary to provide information (article 13 of the Privacy Code). Profiling cookies, on the other hand, can only be installed on the user’s terminal if they have given their consent after being informed in a simplified manner.
Are analytics cookies “technical” cookies? strong>
No. The Guarantor (see provision of 8 May 2014) has specified that they can be assimilated to technical cookies only if used for the purpose of optimizing the site directly from the owner of the site, which can collect information in aggregate form on the number of users and how they visit the site. Under these conditions, the same rules apply to analytics cookies, in terms of information and consent, provided for technical cookies.
Which cookies does the www.cadefrati.com site use? strong>
On the internal pages of the www.cadefrati.com website, there are the buttons of the social network platforms Facebook – Twitter – Pinterest and Linkedin, which allow users to share the contents of the site in real time and express opinions on the use (FB LIKE button ). These services allow you to make interactions with social networks, or other external platforms, directly from the pages of this application. The interactions and information acquired by this application are in any case subject to the user’s privacy settings related to each social network. If an interaction service with social networks is installed, it is possible that, even if the Users do not use the service, the same collect traffic data relating to the pages in which it is installed.
Here are the policies used by the individual social platforms:
Finally, on the website www.cadefrati.com there is an e-commerce platform; the user who wants to purchase our online products must necessarily register and release the personal data requested to guarantee the success of the purchase action.
How can the user control the installation of cookies? strong>
USEFUL LINKS TO LEARN MORE strong>
The European indications on which the Privacy Guarantor is based are contained in the document Opinion 04/2012 on Cookie Consent Exemption and Working Document 02/2013 providing guidance on obtaining allow for cookies available at this link: http: //ec.europa. eu / justice / data-protection / article-29 / documentation / opinion-recommendation / files / 2012 / wp194_en.pdf
As for the Italian legislation you can consult: http: //www.garanteprivacy.it/web/guest/home/docweb/-/docweb-display/docweb/3585077